1. What is the general point that Gould is presenting?
Gould belives that women are less intelligent do to their brain sizes
2. What is the general evidence on which that conclusion is based?
Size of a man’s head and a woman’s head.
3. What is the gender of all the researchers producing those data and conclusions?
The majority of researchers were male except for one.
4. What weaknesses or problems with those data and their interpretation does Gould point out?
He had pointed out that when Broca measured the difference in weight between male and women brains that even though the he had measured about 100 less women brains than male they weighed only slightly less than the male average.
He did not count in the body heights and weights of the few people he used.
5. a) Name the one woman anthropologist mentioned who studied the subject of this essay. b) What did she find after proper correction of Broca's data? c) What were her conclusions from that finding?
a)The one woman anthropologist who studied the subject of this essay is Marie Montessori.2
b) She supported most of Broca's work and the theory of innate criminality proposed by her compatriot Cesare Lombroso. She measured the circumference of children's heads in her schools and inferred that the best prospects had bigger brains. But she had no use for Broca's conclusions about women.
c)She discussed Manouvrier's work at length and made much of his claim that women, after proper correction of the data, had slightly larger brains than men. Women, she concluded, were intellectually superior, but men had prevailed heretofore by dint of physical force. Since technology has abolished force as an instrument of power, the era of women may soon be
6. What conclusion does Gould reach about the central issue?
He concluded that women were less intelligent than men due to brain size.
7. Make a general statement about the role of bias and assumptions in the collecting, processing, and interpretation of data in scientific studies. There has always been tension between genders and they have always been trying to see who is the better advisary, so of course when the reseacher, Broca found out that men had a bigger brain the women he and all the other men started say that women we’ren’t intelligent and all they could every do was cook, clean, and take care of children, but when that theory was proven wrong it shows Broca and all the other men that brain size have nothing to do with intellect.
8. What other kinds of bias can you think of that might influence observations and interpretations in science? Thinking that something will help people and not listening to anyone else’s ideas.
9. Describe your initial feelings (about the subject, the author, etc.) after reading the first 4 pages. Kim- I feel that men were cruel to women, brain size have nothing to do with whether your intelligent or not, a woman could have a small brain and be the smartest person in the world, and a man could have the world’s biggest brain and be the dumbest person in the world. Brain size isn’t the main part of the equation, it’s whether or not you get the chance to learn.
10. Describe your feeling after finishing the entire article. Kim- I feel horrfied that some men didn’t even feel women were human. We’re all the same, so why does it matter whose smarter, if humans didn’t treat everything like a contest maybe we wouldn’t have had all the wars. Just because women are a little better at raising kids than men doesn’t mean that’s the only thing we can do. I mean come on we’re not helpless, as people always say,’Girls can do anything boys can do but in high heels.’